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Aspidosperma polyneuron

Aspidosperma polyneuron Müll.Arg.
Family / Genus: 

Summary

Evergreen, large-sized, drought-tolerant, near-threatened canopy tree common in primary forests of Cerrado, Caatinga and Atlantic Forest. A climax species used in restoration of degraded areas preferring deep and fertile soils. Used for ornamental purposes and timber. Slow-growing but reasonably easy to propagate from seed.

Common Names

  • peroba-rosa
  • amargoroso
  • carretto
  • peroba
  • peroba-açu
  • peroba-amarela
  • peroba-amargosa
  • peroba-comum
  • peroba-do-rio
  • peroba-mirim
  • peroba-miúda
  • peroba-paulista
  • peroba-rajada
  • sobro

Habit, structural & successional roles

Habit: 
Tree
Structure: 
height 30m, diameter 90cm
Structural role: 
Canopy
Leaves: 
Evergreen
Successional Guild: 
Climax

Distribution & habitat

Distribution

Brazil (AL, BA, GO, MS, MT, ES, MG, RJ, SP, PR), Argentina (Misiones), Bolivia, Colombia, Paraguay & Peru.

Habitat

Caatinga, Cerrado and Atlantic Forest.

Native status: 
Native
Altitudinal range: 
25m - 1300m

Ecology & Interactions

General ecology
Typical of the broadleaved semideciduous forest of the Paraná river basin and the Atlantic forest. Occurs in the ridges and hillsides, exclusively in the interior of the dense, primary forests. Brazilian sub populations are largely eroded. Flowers during October-November.
Soils

Occurs preferably in deep and fertile soils.

Hydrology: 
Mesophyte, but tolerant of periodic droughts.
Adaptations
non recorded
Seed dispersal
Anemochory.

Conservation Status

Near threatened
© Marcelo Florestando

Information sources

Category Notes Source
Conservation importance

Endangered on IUCN Red list

Americas Regional Workshop (1998d)
Other uses

Used as a shade tree

Species Management Interviews (2013)
Other uses

Ornamental, used in landscaping.

Lorenzi, H. (2002)
Other uses

Tree used for reforestation of degraded areas.

Lorenzi, H. (2002)
Proven role in Atlantic forest conservation

Used in reforestation

Species Management Interviews (2013)
Proven role in Atlantic forest conservation

Reflorestamento, na lista de viveiros do ES

species from the nurseries of Espírito Santo; Sodré, L.L. (2006)
Timber

Used in construction

Species Management Interviews (2013)
Timber

Important for the extractivism economy. Wood appropriate for building construction, as rafters, beams, baseboards, etc., and for manifacture of heavy furniture.

Lorenzi, H. (2002)